A proposal is simply an agreement between a person and his creditors whereby the person pays only a portion of his debts (say one-half), thus avoiding bankruptcy.
A proposal is made to the creditors through a Trustee in Bankruptcy. It does not mean you are bankrupt.
If the creditors vote in favour of the proposal, and the court approves it, then the proposal is a binding contract which all creditors must accept even the creditors who did not vote for the proposal.
Proposals are a better deal for the creditors than bankruptcy and in the vast majority of cases are accepted!
Consider a Consumer Proposal Before Undertaking Credit counselling Repayment Programs
A Consumer Proposal is a means to negotiate with your creditors for the reduction of you debts and/or extension of time for payment of their debts. The payment schedule that is created in consultation with a your advisor is based on your income, living expenses and family creditors. It prevents your creditors from taking legal actions to seize assets or garnishee wages.
How Proposals are Filed
Under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act, a trustee or an administrator files a Proposal or an arrangement between you and your creditors to have you
Pay off only a portion of your debts
Extend the time you have to pay off the debt
Propose some combination of both.
To be acceptable, your creditors must be better off under a Proposal than if you go bankrupt.
Consumer Proposals are better than Bankruptcy:
When the debtor desires a quick resolution and is prepared to pay a premium to achieve that result
When a discharge is likely to be contentious or a substantial condition is likely to be imposed
When the debtor wishes to avoid bankruptcy altogether
When the debtor wishes to continue in business and will be prevented from so doing if obliged to disclose that he is a bankrupt when dealing with third parties
When professional accreditation may be lost or put at risk by a bankruptcy
When a bankruptcy will result in a secured creditor acting on its security
When the debtor wishes to retain some key asset (e.g. a home, heirloom, secret process or impending inheritance)