This enactment creates three new offences in the Criminal Code making it an offence for counsel in judicial proceedings to
(a) make public statements outside the tribunal that are known by counsel to be false or that counsel failed to take reasonable measures to ascertain were false;
(b) institute or proceed with proceedings known by counsel to be brought primarily to intimidate or injure another person; or
(c) knowingly to deceive or participate in deceiving the tribunal or to rely on false, deceptive, exaggerated or inflammatory documents.
2nd Session, 35th Parliament, 45 Elizabeth ii. 1996
THE SENATE OF CANADA
BILL S-12 An Act to amend the Criminal Code (abuse
WHEREAS the pervasive, intrusive and instantaneous nature of modern media news coverage increases the pressure on counsel in judicial proceedings to participate publicly in news events in the interests of their clients
or in other ways extend their activities as counsel to include conduct considered unethical under the rules of their profession;
AND WHEREAS it is in the public interest that conduct of that kind be made criminal and not merely unethical in order to prevent the administration of justice being
NOW, THEREFORE, Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada,enacts as follows:
1. The Criminal Code is amended by adding immediately after section 134 the following:
135.(1) Every person who, while acting or purporting to act as counsel in respect of any anticipated, current or completed judicial proceedings, makes any public statement of facts in relation to the judicial proceedings out of the presence of the tribunal or body authorized by law to conduct the
(a) knowing that some or all of the facts asserted in the statement are not true,
(b) having no reasonable grounds for believing that the facts asserted in the statement are true, or
(c) having failed to take reasonable measures before making the statement to ascertain the truth of the facts asserted in
is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.
(2) For the purpose of subsection (1), a statement of facts in relation to the judicial proceedings includes a reading from or an express reference to documents
(a) deposited or filed with or intended to be deposited or filed with the tribunal or body authorized by law to conduct the proceedings, or
(b) deposited or filed in any other judicial proceedings.
135.1(1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years
who, as counsel in any judicial proceedings,institutes or prosecutes proceedings that he; or she knows are brought primarily for the purpose of intimidating or injuring another
(2) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years who, as counsel in any judicial proceedings,
(a) willfully deceives or knowingly participates in deceiving the tribunal or other body legally authorized to conduct the
(b) willfully presents or knowingly relies upon a false, deceptive, exaggerated or inflammatory document, whether or not under oath.
First reading, February 28, 1996